Loading, Please Wait...
WALTHAM, Mass., Oct. 29, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- AMAG Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ:AMAG) today announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Bone, Reproductive and Urologic Drugs Advisory Committee met to better understand and interpret the PROLONG (Progestin’s Role in Optimizing Neonatal Gestation) confirmatory clinical trial for Makena® (hydroxyprogesterone caproate injection), a treatment approved to reduce preterm birth in pregnant women who have had a prior spontaneous preterm birth. While the committee discussed multiple questions, in a mixed vote on the key question, nine advisory committee members voted to recommend that the FDA pursue withdrawal of approval for Makena and seven committee members voted to leave the product on the market under accelerated approval and require a new confirmatory trial. Among the clinicians on the advisory committee, five of the six who practice obstetrics voted to keep Makena on the market and generate more data. AMAG agrees with several committee members who voiced concern that withdrawal of Makena would leave providers with no safe treatment options for pregnant women. The advisory committee's recommendation, while not binding, will be considered by the FDA in making its decision.
“We are disappointed with the nearly split vote on this key question and we are committed to working with the FDA to identify feasible ways to generate additional efficacy data on Makena while retaining current access to the therapy for at-risk pregnant women,” said Julie Krop, M.D., chief medical officer at AMAG. “Preterm birth is an urgent public health crisis and the implications of leaving pregnant women and providers without access to therapy that is manufactured in a safe and regulated way is profoundly troubling. For more than a decade, healthcare providers have relied on hydroxyprogesterone caproate to reduce preterm delivery in high-risk patients, which aligns with recently updated treatment recommendations of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, as well as the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine.”
Makena’s active ingredient, 17α hydroxyprogesterone caproate (often referred to as 17P), is the only FDA-approved treatment for pregnant women who have had a prior spontaneous preterm birth (which is a substantial risk factor for recurrent preterm birth).1 17P has been recognized as the standard of care and used for more than a decade by healthcare providers to treat patients with a history of spontaneous preterm birth,2 which represents approximately 130,000 births a year in the United States.3
The approval of Makena was based on the landmark Meis trial, conducted by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network and published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2003. The PROLONG trial was later conducted as part of an FDA approval commitment. Comprised of more than 1,700 pregnant women, PROLONG represents the largest trial of any progestogen studied for preterm birth prevention and is also the largest trial of a drug treating an orphan condition. It enrolled more than 75 percent of its patients from outside of the U.S., which was necessary given the routine use of 17P as the standard of care.
1 Iams JD, Goldenberg RL, Mercer BM, et al. The Preterm Prediction Study: recurrence risk of spontaneous preterm birth. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network. Am J Obstet Gynecol. May 1998;178(5):1035-1040.
2 Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Publications Committee, with the assistance of Vincenzo Berghella, MD. AJOG. https://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378(12)00291-8/pdf
3 Petrini JR, CallaghanWM, Klebanoff M, et al. Estimated effect of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate on preterm birth in the United States. Obstet Gynecol 2005;105(02):267–272
AMAG will provide a corporate update and discuss the company's third quarter financial results on a conference call on November 1, 2019 at 8:00 AM ET. The live webcast can be accessed on the investor page of AMAG's website at www.amagpharma.com. The conference call can be accessed by dialing (877) 412-6083 (U.S./Canada) or (702) 495-1202 (international). Use conference ID 6261528 for both domestic and international numbers. A replay of the webcast will be available on AMAG's website approximately two hours after completion of the event and will be archived for up to 30 days.
About Makena® (hydroxyprogesterone caproate injection)
Makena is a progestin indicated to reduce the risk of preterm birth in women pregnant with a single baby who have a history of singleton spontaneous preterm birth. Makena was approved by the FDA in February 2011 and was granted orphan drug exclusivity through February 3, 2018. In February of 2018, AMAG introduced the prefilled Makena auto-injector containing a short, thin, non-visible needle for subcutaneous use, offering patients and providers a new administration option.
Makena has certain limitations of use. While there are many risk factors for preterm birth, safety and efficacy of Makena has been demonstrated only in women with a prior spontaneous singleton preterm birth. It is not intended for use in women with multiple gestations or other risk factors for preterm birth.
Makena should not be used in women with any of the following conditions: blood clots or other blood clotting problems, breast cancer or other hormone-sensitive cancers, or history of these conditions; unusual vaginal bleeding not related to the current pregnancy, yellowing of the skin due to liver problems during pregnancy, liver problems, including liver tumors, or uncontrolled high blood pressure. Before patients receive Makena, they should tell their healthcare provider if they have an allergy to hydroxyprogesterone caproate, castor oil, or any of the other ingredients in Makena; diabetes or prediabetes, epilepsy, migraine headaches, asthma, heart problems, kidney problems, depression, or high blood pressure.
For additional product information, including full prescribing information, please visit www.makena.com.
AMAG is a pharmaceutical company focused on bringing innovative products to patients with unmet medical needs. The company does this by leveraging its development and commercial expertise to invest in and grow its pharmaceutical products across a range of therapeutic areas, including women’s health. For additional company information, please visit www.amagpharma.com.
This press release contains forward-looking information about AMAG within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other federal securities laws. Any statements contained herein which do not describe historical facts, including, among others, AMAG’s ability to identify ways to generate additional efficacy data on Makena and retain current access to the therapy for at-risk pregnant women, AMAG’s plans to work with the FDA, beliefs about the size of the patient population for Makena and the belief that withdrawal of 17P would leave providers with no safe treatment options for pregnant women are forward-looking statements which involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed in such forward-looking statements.
Such risks and uncertainties include, among others, the risk that (i) the FDA takes adverse action related to Makena, including withdrawal of the product from the market, especially given the findings and recommendation of the Advisory Committee meeting that approval of 17P be withdrawn, (ii) AMAG may not be able to generate additional efficacy data that will be satisfactory to the FDA, or (iii) healthcare providers will no longer prescribe the Makena auto-injector product even if it were to remain commercially available; as well as those risks identified in AMAG’s filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019 and subsequent filings with SEC, including its upcoming Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2019, which are available at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Any such risks and uncertainties could materially and adversely affect AMAG’s results of operations, its profitability and its cash flows, which would, in turn, have a significant and adverse impact on AMAG’s stock price. AMAG cautions you not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date they are made. AMAG disclaims any obligation to publicly update or revise any such statements to reflect any change in expectations or in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statements may be based, or that may affect the likelihood that actual results will differ from those set forth in the forward-looking statements.
AMAG Pharmaceuticals® and the logo are registered trademarks of AMAG Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Makena® is a registered trademark of AMAG Pharma USA, Inc.
AMAG Pharmaceuticals Contacts: